Fan – Movie Review

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Fan is absolutely different from anything seen in Bollywood so far. It is an offbeat psychological twisty tale. It is dark, racy, heartbreaking & entirely engrossing. Hat’s off to Maneesh Sharma for this movie!

Shahrukh risked losing his fans by showing his dark side? Or maybe not – it just goes on to prove that his fan base could only increase by this honest portrayal of self. The best part about his acting is that even though you see two Shahrukh’s in the same frame, not for once does it strike that they are the same people. SRK pulls off a masterpiece through superstar Aryan Khanna, but his portrayal as Gaurav Chandna, the fan, is the USP of this movie – the real success factor! The climax will leave you awestruck, emotional, sad and disturbed.

For those who believed he can only pull of his typical kind of movies, this movie is for them. This is not his genre at all – no romantic songs, no gorgeous heroines and no mushy dialogues. However, he did manage to create just the right amount of hype with the song ‘Jabra Fan’ in different languages. It stays with you throughout even though it is not even a part of the movie. The feel of the song stays.

Fan brilliantly depicts the flaw in human nature. It delves deep into how emotions work – the egoism, the lack of human nature to let-go and the abuse of power. And of course, how you can go to the extremes – hate the person whom you loved and adored all your life. The fan’s obsession with his favourite star Aryan Khanna is so extremely layered and complex that it is one of the most nuanced and fascinating character coming from Indian cinema.

Watch Fan for the acting, the obsession, the chase scenes, the portrayal of human emotions, the typical West Delhi styled Dushera mela, the WT train ride, the hotel room.Watch is for the passion, dreams & obsession gone too far.

And watch it for something beyond all this. Something difficult to put down in words.

Because, “Tum Nahi Samjhoge!”

Verdict – WORTH IT!

 

 

DELHI ODD-EVEN FORMULA – A POLICY REVIEW

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Delhi is the most populated city in the world classed as the world’s 5th ‘megacity’, it has a population of 25.8 million, which continues to grow. With this growth, according to various researches, the number of road vehicles will increase from 4.7 million in 2010 to ~26 million by 2030. Total energy consumption in Delhi has risen by 57% from 2001 to 2011.

According to sources, air pollution causes death of around 10,500 people per year in the Delhi. During 2013-14, peak levels of fine PM (particulate matter) in Delhi increased by ~44% due to various factors like high industrial and vehicular emissions, construction work and crop burning. According to the WHO, Delhi air has PM2.5 concentrations of 153 micrograms and PM10 concentrations of 286 micrograms – much more than the permissible limits.

Therefore, Government of Delhi initiated the odd-even formula which has already seen success in countries like Paris, Beijing, etc.

ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT DELHI ODD-EVEN FORMULA

According to the odd-even rule, only cars with license plates ending with even numbers, will be allowed to drive on even dates. And cars with license plates ending with odd numbers, will be allowed to drive on odd dates.

The pilot of this policy began on 1st January 2016. The rule was effective from Monday to Saturday between 8 a.m. – 8 p.m, people who failed to comply with this rule were fined Rs. 2,000. In order for smooth running of transportation, Delhi government ran 3,000 extra buses on the capital’s road.

Only private users (common man) complied with this rule. The list of various exemptions of this rule are: All CNG-driven vehicles, Electric vehicles, Hybrid vehicles, Two-wheelers, Vehicles driven by women with only women passengers, Vehicles driven by women, with children below the age of 12, Those on way to hospital for medical emergency (should carry proof), Vehicles of physically challenged, Emergency vehicles – Ambulance, fire, hospital, prison, hearse, enforcement vehicles, etc. and public servants.

POLICY REVIEW

The major air pollution comes from energy and transportation (especially, goods transportation). This policy has been targeted towards the private vehicles, which is a very small part of the group which pollutes the air. Also, so many other groups (mentioned above) are exempted from this rule. Taking an example of 2-wheelers; 2-wheelers contribute to 32% of the air pollution – which are exempted from this rule. So, costs in terms of air pollution is just been paid by the private four-wheeler users and rest of them are just free-riders.

The other thing which comes into our mind for such policies is the possibility of various market failures. According to Edward Morey, “A market failure is something that is inherent to the market that causes the market equilibrium allocation to be inefficient.”

The various market failures happening in this case are as follows:

  • COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCE: Common ownership and common access leads to wasteful exploitation which a consumer ignores while using it. Consumers do not think about the effects of their actions on others. The common-property nature of the air (society puts a zero price on polluting the air) in many places is a major reason for excessive air pollution from an efficiency perspective. This lead to a tragedy of commons which leads to the elimination of the social gains due to the overuse of the common-property and hence resulting in market failure.
  • INCOMPLETE MARKETS: There does not exist a market (say in terms of technology) which will suck pollution out of the air and provide us with fresh air. So, there is no way to equate their social and private benefits and costs either in the present or in the future because their markets are incomplete or missing.
  • PUBLIC BAD: Air pollution is a public bad. As, one person experiencing some dis-utility does not diminish the disutility of another. Hypothetically, if someone is driving a car in my house and polluting my house, I can sue them for the damages. But, I can not do much when someone is polluting the air on a larger scale and hence air pollution becomes a public bad.
  • EXTERNALITY: Since, the major pollution comes from either the industries or from transportation, the two parties in the policy become the society and the industries. Now, you can’t make one party better off without making the other party worse off. For example, say you put taxes on industries to pollute the air, society will be better off but industries will be worse off. Similarly, if you allow industries to pollute the air, society will definitely be worse off. We believe that it is not an external effect because we have crossed the efficient level (according to the WHO, Delhi has crossed the permissible limits of pollution) which makes it inefficient and hence a negative externality.

Moreover, there are two views after the first 15 days of this rule: first view says that air pollution has been reduced, while the second view says that no change has been seen. We agree with the latter. No doubt we could see less congestion on the roads but to say whether there was a change in air pollution or not is tough to comment. Just because of this rule, people didn’t stop commuting i.e. say they didn’t stop going to their offices. In fact, in order for smooth running of transportation, Delhi government themselves ran 3,000 extra buses on the capital’s road. Along with this, the number of taxis (Ola, Uber, etc.) increased during that period. Because of all these factors, the change in the magnitude of the air pollution can not be seen / calculated correctly.

VIEW ON EXEMPTIONS

  • EMERGENCY VEHICLES: You can’t include them in this rule for the obvious reasons i.e. they are EMERGENCY vehicles.
  • PUBLIC TRANSPORTATIONS: They can’t include them in this rule because this is the only means of earnings for the drivers, conductors, etc.
  • INCLUDING PUBLIC SERVANTS’ (like Prime Minister, President, Vice-President, etc. – mentioned above) frequency to travel is very low. So, even after their inclusion, impact will be almost negligible.

But, I strongly feel that women should be included in this rule. No doubt there will be a group of feminists who will oppose this. But, the true meaning of feminism is equality between men and women. On the other side, there is a safety issues but because of this, you just can’t exempt them. In fact, Delhi government should increase the safety measures for them rather than exempting them from it.

Overall, this policy seems to have a lot of loopholes. Once we fix them, the odd-even formula can bring a major change in the environment and we Delhiites can finally inhale fresh air. Till then, let’s do our part to put Delhi on top of the list but not in terms of pollution.

Tamasha – Movie Review

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It’s Not For Everyone!

“Tu Jahaan Ke Waaste Khud Ko Bhool Kar

Apne Hi Saath Naa Aise Zulm Kar

Khol De Wo Girah

Jo Lagaaye Tujhpe Tu

Bol De Tu Koi Aur Hai

Chehre Jo Odhe Tune Woh

Tere Kahaan Hain..”

 

This defines the essence of ’Tamasha’ perfectly!

 

Tamasha is about 2 strangers (Tara and Ved). They meet in a far off land (Corsica) and decide to spend the time together without revealing their identities. They part. Tara falls for Ved. She happens to reconnect with him years later, but only to realize that he’s a completely different person than she’d met and still expected him to be.

 

This is not a movie about love and romance. It’s about a dreamer and his internal conflicts.

 

Infact, for all those who are accusing Imtiaz Ali of making the same movies again, well yes! His movies may appear to be along the same lines and may all seem like mere love stories on the face of it. However, they are actually hardly about the love story in itself and much more about how in the process of being in love with a woman, the man ends up discovering himself!

 

This movie is full of childhood, adolescence flashbacks, Ved’s sudden transformations at office and a series of mirror scenes where he tries to resolve his demons. In all of this, Ranbir’s performance is beyond mere acting!

 

Piyush Mishra’s narration is fantastic. Ravi Verman’s cinematography is stunning and a visual treat!

 

Deepika didn’t get much screen presence, but she depicted each and every emotion with absolute ease and kept it amazingly real!

 

Imtiaz Ali and his entire crew have managed to put together such an honest portrayal of human emotions and feelings on celluloid! They are seriously capable of doing something to you, and making you feel in a certain way, which is hard to describe in words. There are certain moments and scenes in the movie that are so powerful that they pierce you straight in the heart. For example, the scene where guilt ridden and love-struck Tara pleads Ved to stay back, but Ved is still fighting with his own demons, is beyond perfection!

 

Irshad Kamil’s lyrics are such, that you don’t just hear the music, but really listen, and if you do, patiently and deeply enough, they have the power to transport you to another zone altogether.

 

 

AR Rahman’s music is as always, perfection, and its hard to imagine an Imtiaz Ali’s movie without his background score. It feels like they get each other completely.The movies complement the songs, and the songs fit in just right.

 

Tamasha is enigmatic! Tamasha is a movie, which demands extreme patience, but be forewarned, this is not a film for everyone! Tamasha is a movie that grows on you..gradually! At its own pace…

 

Tamasha is capable of changing course of one’s life. Through this movie, you might just discover yourself!

 

Tamasha is not an easy grasp, at least not for everyone. The film is bound to have mixed opinions for sure!However, if you manage to find the connection that Imtiaz hopes you will, either through Ved’s character or Tara’s, you are in for a treat!

So just forget the world. Sit back and smile indulgently!

Vague? Philosophical? Its upto you to decide!

 

Verdict – WORTH IT!

“Pata hai, yahan se bahut door, galat aur sahi ke paar, ek maidan hai, main vahaan milunga tujhe,” (“Away beyond all concepts of wrong-doing and right-doing, There is a field. I’ll meet you there.”)

 – Rockstar

 

 

“Ek din yaha se bohot kos door, dil aur duniya ke beech, apne hero ko, ek saath mila.”(“One day, a thousand miles away,somewhere between the heart and the world, our hero finds a comoanion.”)

 – Tamasha

 

 

 

Tanu Weds Manu Returns Review

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In 2011, there was Tanu weds Manu. Extremely high expectations. Fell flat. Atleast for me. In 2016 came Tanu weds Manu Returns. Part ‘2’, but way more than just ‘2’ times the fun.

The movie begins with the flashback of Tanu-Manu wedding. Then we are shown the ‘present’, which is four years post the wedding. The festive Indian colours give way to chilly western ones. Tanu (Kangana Ranaut) and Manu (R Madhavan) are in England and their marriage is on the rocks. So they go to a mental rehabilitation centre, which quite honestly, I’m not sure why. He says she’s bipolar and a flirt. She says he’s boring and a pervert. Manu is taken to be suffering from a mental disorder, and, therefore, put in a mental asylum. The bold Tanu leaves him to fend for himself and returns to her parental home in India. She informs his friend, Pappi (Deepak Dobriyal), who lives in India, about Manu’s state. Eventually after certain events, both Tanu and Manu are in India to meet their families. While Tanu engages herself in her old lifestyle, Manu finds himself falling for Tanu’s lookalike, Kusum (Kangana Ranaut). What happens when Tanu decides to return to Manu, forms the crux of the story.

Sequels have a certain advantage wherein there is not much of a requirement to establish characters, as viewers are well familiarized with the characters, but in this one, we have a totally new character, Tanu’s look-alike, Kusum. It was a brilliant idea to bring her in, as it does not let an extra marital affair seem as bad because all the hero seems to be doing now is looking for his wife in the other girl.

A special mention for one particular scene where Manu and Pappi are following Kusum in the bus, and Pappi is initially scared and tells Manu “If the men in the bus find out that we are following this girl, they would beat us black and blue.” But then he sees how Kusum and her friends talk to the conductor and eventually restates, “ Forget the men, even if the girls will realize that we’re following them, they will beat us black and blue. Awesome. Girl power!

Kangana Ranaut impresses yet again. She is clearly one of the best actresses that India has. I’m pleasantly shocked each time her movie comes out. She is entirely different in each one, and yet, so convincingly, the perfect choice for each. She just goes on to prove that a female centric film is capable of being an entertainer and can make good money too. The two leading female characters, Tanu and Kusum were both played stunningly by Kangana Ranaut. She lets the audience know them in depth, but not well enough for the audience to be able to understand them. It is difficult to say who is good, who is bad, who is masculine, who is feminine. The complex details in their characters blur the line between these distinctions. They are both extremely flawed characters, yet you just simple adore and love them for whoever they are.

R Madhavan splendidly plays himself. He is the calm husband even in adversity, who manages to support the aggressive Kangana Ranaut well and ensures that the equilibrium is maintained! He uses expressions and body language to communicate most of what he is going through to the audience.

Jimmy Shergill, as Tanu’s blazing gangster-contractor ex, is constantly intense. He underplays marvelously as Raja Awasthi and is excellent as a little sobered down Raj Awasthi who is still protective about Tanu. (And moochhe sach mein jachti hai uspe)

Deepak Dobriyal as Pappi deserves the highest praise for his entertaining performance as he shows us once again, how supporting roles can be enacted to make them appear like lead roles. The most hilarious dialogues are given to him and he evoked laughter every time he came on the screen.

And then, there is Mohammed Zeeshan Ayyub as Chintuji, the law-studying tenant at the Trivedi household who starts with “Tanu Didi”, offers his “kandha” and rides on his Hero Honda to an apparently vulnerable Tanu and graduates to calling her “Tanu Ji”. It is difficult to hate him however cunning he may be as he brings a smile or at least a sarcastic smirk to your face every single time.

Swara Bhaskar shines as Payal and leaves an indelible mark in people’s minds whenever she speaks, even though her role is limited.

Eijaz Khan, as Payal’s Sardar-husband, provides good support.

Rajesh Sharma is just too good as Kusum’s brother.

Seems like the Director loves to feature old song, and I’m glad for that. The two that were include, infact did add the right amount of charm and feel to the scenes.

‘Sun Sahiba Sun’ is played in the flashback of Tanu-Manu wedding and it sets the right mood.

The 1954 Geeta Dutt song Ja Ja Ja Bewafa came in at the right time and triggered the tear ducts. A glass of whiskey-soda-ice in hand, Tanu wanders around the dark streets, waking a palmist up, pulling hairdressers out of their sleep, and bumping into other drunkards. Tanu trying to look like Kusum takes you deep into her pain and the turmoil she is going through. Tragicomedy personified!

At one point of time, my mind was in a state where whatever would happen in this movie, I would feel bad, because, well for one, I was almost living the movie by then, and secondly, because every person was so damn right in their own way. And I feel that’s the brilliance of the writer! It is incredible how inspite of the fact that although Tanu and Kusum are on two different ends of the spectrum and Manu is at the centre; the audience’s sympathy goes to all three.

A special mention should be made for the dialogue writer Himanshu Sharma. He gives some killer one-liners along with overall smart, funny and pertinent dialogues that help immensely in characterization.

I’ve watched ‘Tanu Weds Manu Returns’ twice and still haven’t had enough.

The movie was cheerful, powerful, funny, emotional, a fast paced entertainer and an illogical mess.

Sometimes, to find true love, you need a part 2.

Sometimes, to make a brilliant movie, you need a part 2.

Verdict – WORTH IT!

SUNK COST FALLACY — MAKES YOU ACT STUPID!

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Do you think you make rational decisions based on the future, gains and experiences? If yes, then we would like you to think again!

The truth is maximum times our decisions are fetid by the emotional investments we accumulate and thus harder it becomes to abandon it. In spite of making rational decisions, we do end up in a trap of the sunk cost fallacy!

So, what is this sunk cost fallacy?

In economics, sunk cost is the cost which has already been paid and can not be recovered. For example, you have invested say millions of dollars into a business, this money is now gone and if one while making any decisions in the business considers it, they are actually committing sunk cost fallacy!

Behavioural economist Dan Ariely adds a fascinating twist to loss aversion in his book, Predictably Irrational. He writes that when factoring the costs of any exchange, you tend to focus more on what you may lose in the bargain than on what you stand to gain. The “pain of paying,” as he puts it, arises whenever you must give up anything you own. The precise amount doesn’t matter at first. You’ll feel the pain no matter what price you must pay, and it will influence your decisions and behaviours. This is why marketing and good salesmanship is often all about convincing you what you want to buy is worth more than what you must pay for it. You see something as a good value when you predict the pain of loss will be offset by your joy of gain.

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So, how often does sunk cost fallacy makes us to act stupid?

Unfortunately ALOT! Few common mistakes are:

  1. Got a ticket for a concert. But on the day of the event you felt sick. What will you do?

If you go, BOOM, you just committed the fallacy. Sure, you spent the money already. But you can’t get it back. If you aren’t going to have a good time at the concert, you only make your life worse by going.

2. Sitting in a restaurant. Ordered a large pizza for yourself and half way through you are done! Will you keep eating because you have already paid for the pizza?

If yes, then my dear friends you are committing the fallacy. We all fall for this one many times. True, we have already paid for the food and we do not want our money or food to be wasted by throwing it. But, you only lose by gorging yourself further.

3. Watching a movie. After say 30 minutes you realize it is a terrible movie. Will you stop the movie right away?

If no, then you just committed the sunk cost fallacy. It doesn’t matter how much time you have invested, if you won’t stop as soon as you realise that it is a terrible movie you will waste even more of your time by watching it.

This is also true if you are watching a sitcom which turns out to be bad or reading a book which turns out to be horrible, etc.

4. Got a gadget/car/any other electric appliance. It stops working every now and then. What will you do?

If you keep spending on repairing rather than replacing it, then you are definitely committing the fallacy.

5. Dating somebody with whom you know things won’t get workout?

This is unfortunately a lot common!

True, it becomes really hard to break up after investing a lot of time into it. Years of emotional investment make it very uncomfortable to cut your ties, but you might have to.

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Well, how do you free yourself?

We fall victim to the sunk cost fallacy because we are emotionally invested in the money, time or any other resources we put into something. The easiest way to save ourselves from committing this fallacy is to recognise the logical fallacies. Simply, by being aware of you about this fallacy reduces it by some percentage. And Yippee you just took a step towards it.

But, sometimes despite of being aware we get trapped, so the best way to come out of it to analyze the pros and cons of the situation and if you find the pros mainly based on your emotional attachment then you now know your answer!

So, friends don’t let the sunk cost fallacy, make you act stupid!

MUMBAI VS DELHI — WHICH IS BETTER?

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MUMBAI OR DELHI?

‘Aamchi Mumbai’, a city of dreams, a city of hopes, a city which never sleeps and a city full of opportunities is the love-child about money and power — the financial and commercial capital of the country. On the other side ,we have ‘Dilwaalon ki Dilli’, a city of history, a city of culture, a city of politics and the seat of power of the country — the political and cultural capital of the country.

After living a dream life in Mumbai for 3 years when I shifted to Delhi, I indulged myself in a debate numerous times, whether Mumbai is a better place to live or Delhi is, with every second person I met. Not just me, for ages, people have waged war on this issue, friends and lovers have separated on ideological grounds and lines have been drawn between families. Now, no more! A decision must be reached, a verdict needs to be passed. And so we come to the greatest battle of our times. The million dollar question — Mumbai vs Delhi – Which is better?

  1. HISTORY AND CULTURE

With no second thoughts, hands down Delhi. Delhi is very rich when it comes to having a native culture and a historical significance. With amazing and beautiful historical monuments, age-old building and gallis of Purani Dilli, Mumbai is very back in the race. In Mumbai, if you want to see any old and beautiful buildings, visit  firstly, Churchgate; secondly, Oh wait! — that’s it! On one side, where Delhi proudly shows the rich Mughal and Hindu culture and art thrive with many poets, scholars and critics, Mumbai has Elephanta Caves!

2. WEATHER AND SEASON

In Delhi, however, how bad summers are, at least you get to experience the change of seasons. Then there is Dilli ki Sardi, where the days get shorter, nights gets chilly and wonderfully cozy with your comfortable blankets. Then it gets so cold that you die!

Whereas in Mumbai, Summer? You mean humid with a chance of warm? Winter? You mean humid with a chance of chill? But, once you start living in the city you realize that it is not that humid.

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3. THE SEA AND THE RAINS

I couldn’t resist myself, but to mention it separately. Ever thought why Mumbai is always represented with the magnificent Queen’s necklace? I am sorry, but nothing that Delhi has to offer can match up to the sight of the Arabian sea stretching into the horizon, or feel like the breeze as you walk along MARINE DRIVE and  The Beaches. And don’t even get me started on the Mumbai Rains!

The rains bring out a whole new side of the city; while business goes on as usual, there is a hint of magic, a raw clarity to life that is thrilling, edgy and sublime, all at the same time.

4.  SECURITY, FREEDOM AND OUTLOOK

Being a girl the freedom I have enjoyed in Mumbai can never be beaten by Delhi. Parents are more relaxed for the security of their children in Mumbai. You get Autos and Taxis very conveniently in Mumbai and they ALL run on meters. Travelling after hanging out with your friends as late as 3 A.M. is again very safe and convenient (especially when you don’t have your personal vehicle) in Mumbai.

Delhi is the city where you always need to be on guard while you enjoy its gardens, museums and theatres; against the aggressiveness of its people, against nasty cab driver  and surly service staff. Mumbai, with its buzzing nightlife, edgy urban energy and stringent safety measures as well as the mentality of people, allows you to have fun as and when you want it.

Mumbai has a truly bohemian, cosmopolitan outlook. Different ways of life are accepted wholeheartedly without any judgements, people are very down to earth  and there is a kind of ‘Live and Let Live’ ideology. Delhi might not as easily accept differences, pre-occupied as they might be, more with outward appearances in terms of dressing up, behavior and lifestyle.

5. GETAWAYS

Delhi provides you a lot in terms of weekend getaways, from farmhouses and cozy holiday spots whenever you want to escape from the monotonous city life to overnight drives to nearby cities. Be it Rishikesh or Jim Corbett National Park or a long drive on the Yamuna Expressway to Agra or Shimla or Chandigarh, Delhi doesn’t hold you back or disappoint you.

But don’t underestimate Mumbai. There are ample places to chill out around this city, from Daman to  Mahabaleshwar to Matheran. Drive to Lonavala or Khandala or take a ferry to Alibaug or go sightseeing to Elephanta Caves.

6. FINALLY, ECONOMIC MEASURES

Being an economics student, how could I miss this?

It is very objective to compare two cities based on various social and cultural traits, but numbers give us a rough idea where they stand!

From an economic point of view, while Mumbai beats Delhi on growth rates of GDP and per capita GDP, going forward, Delhi is slated to overtake Mumbai on both counts by 2025.

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Delhi is also likely to attract more people in the future, as of 2025 it is likely to narrow the population gap with Mumbai by 1 million from the current 2 million.

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On crime, though, Delhi continues to lag Mumbai, accounting for a tenth of all the crimes that were reported in the country in 2012 and 585 rapes, more than twice the 232 that were reported in Mumbai.

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So, after comparing on so many aspects we cannot deny that Mumbai has an edge. But, ultimately, the two cities have their own charming traits and their own problems. The idea is to look at what you want in life and which all compromises you’re willing to make!

WINTER BODY HYDRATORS: OUR EXPERIENCE, YOUR PICK!

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Winter’s knocking and body lotions are an absolute must for our skins. Dry and scaly skins becomes our nightmare and to avoid it we all look for that one perfect body lotion which is non-greasy, quickly absorbs and do not leave any oily residue.

Using the same lotion you apply during the rest of the year may not be effective during a harsh winter. So, in the spirit of smoother, ultra-hydrated skin, we put together a list of 4 different body lotions/moisturisers, tried and tested. We review each of them, giving pros and cons of each. We hope considering these pros and cons, along-with the price would help you decide better. We’ve also added a verdict on the basis of our personal experience.

Though it may seem like slathering on lotion is the only way to go, that simply isn’t true. In fact, drinking a lot of water and a healthy diet can do the magic. As, You Are What You Eat!

Please click on the tabular image below to view it in better resolution.

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